From the President: ‘Reversal of Misfortune’

  • Police who have the power to release, recommend detention, and/or arrest.
  • Prosecutors who decide to charge or defer proceedings for arrested individuals.
  • Judges who make pretrial decisions to fashion conditions of release.
  • “Court actors” who have an impact on delay or efficiently handle cases such as clerks, prosecutors, probation officers, court services officials, defense counsel, and/or judges.
  • Community corrections officials and agents who drive the decisions to violate individuals and/or defer on arrest warrants for failures to comply.⁵
  1. https://www.sentencingproject.org/publications/the-changing-racial-dynamics-of-womens-incarceration, at 5.
  2. https://www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/women_overtime.html#localjails
  3. https://www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/pie2018women.html
  4. https://www.prisonpolicy.org/blog/2019/05/14/policingwomen
  5. This list was summarized in https://storage.googleapis.com/vera-web-assets/downloads/Publications/overlooked-women-and-jails-report/legacy_downloads/overlooked-women-and-jails-report-updated.pdf, at 21.
  6. https://www.prisonpolicy.org/blog/2019/05/14/policingwomen
  7. https://www.prisonpolicy.org/blog/2019/05/14/policingwomen at 2, footnote 3 (“These percentages were calculated using estimates from the Bureau of Justice Statistics Arrest Data Analysis Tool, which provides estimates by sex from 1980 to 2014 (as of May 2019)”).
  8. https://www.sentencingproject.org/publications/the-changing-racial-dynamics-of-womens-incarceration, at 1.
  9. Id. at 6–7.
  10. Id. at 7.
  11. https://storage.googleapis.com/vera-web-assets/downloads/Publications/overlooked-women-and-jails-report/legacy_downloads/overlooked-women-and-jails-report-updated.pdf, at 23.
  12. Id. at 23, citing https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/aus8009.pdf.
  13. https://www.prisonpolicy.org/blog/2019/05/14/policingwomen/#fn:4.
  14. Id., and https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2017/crime-in-the-u.s.-2017/topic-pages/tables/table-35
  15. https://storage.googleapis.com/vera-web-assets/downloads/Publications/overlooked-women-and-jails-report/legacy_downloads/overlooked-women-and-jails-report-updated.pdf, footnote 83, citing James Q. Wilson & George L. Kelling, Broken Windows: The Police and Neighborhood Safety, 249(3) The Atlantic Monthly 29–38 (1982). “The authors argued that quality-of-life offenses, such as graffiti or public intoxication, can give residents the impression that crime is on the rise, causing residents to become fearful and lose trust in local law enforcement. The authors also suggested that criminals become emboldened by this decay, which they may perceive as a marker of an ineffective police force, leading to an increase in serious crime. Kelling and Wilson posited “broken windows” as an evocative metaphor of the disarray that may ensue: ‘If a window in a building is broken and is left unrepaired, all the rest of the windows will soon be broken.’”
  16. https://storage.googleapis.com/vera-web-assets/downloads/Publications/overlooked-women-and-jails-report/legacy_downloads/overlooked-women-and-jails-report-updated.pdf at 26.
  17. Id. at 27.
  18. https://www.sentencingproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/The-Changing-Racial-Dynamics-of-Womens-Incarceration.pdf, at 5.
  19. https://storage.googleapis.com/vera-web-assets/downloads/Publications/overlooked-women-and-jails-report/legacy_downloads/overlooked-women-and-jails-report-updated.pdf, at 27.
  20. https://storage.googleapis.com/vera-web-assets/downloads/Publications/overlooked-women-and-jails-report/legacy_downloads/overlooked-women-and-jails-report-updated.pdf, at 25.
  21. Id.
  22. Id. at 25, footnote f.
  23. Id., footnote h.
  24. Id., footnote k.
  25. Id. at 34.

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